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北京2010年新高考英语阅读新题型解析

来源:中小学教育网(整理)  2009-10-14 09:08 】 【我要纠错

    编前话:

    2010年北京将实行新课改之后的第一次高考,针对英语科目即将出现的阅读新题型,笔者第一时间收集了所有与新课改高考英语有关的材料,结合北京市考试院发布的最新高考资讯,特此撰文为北京广大考生一一详细解读高考英语五种阅读新题型。请各位家长和考生持续关注本系列文章,也希望与各位关注高考英语的前辈和同行交流沟通。

    2008北京奥运让全世界人民聚焦中国北京鸟巢,2009新中国60年华诞让全中国人民聚焦北京天安门,2010年北京高考新课改让全北京的高三学生家长聚焦北京市考试院。

    2010年注定是一个令人难忘的一年,高考新课改牵动着近10万北京考生和家长的心。作为一个曾经历过三次高考新课改、连续参加过三次高考的“老战士”,我觉得有责任、有义务、有必要向广大高三家长和学生传达这样的一个信息:高考新课改并不可怕,可怕的是我们没有认清奋斗的方向,而白白付出了大量的努力。

    一直以来,阅读理解、完型填空和写作被称为高考的三大压轴题。2010年的新课改的重点是:阅读理解由原来的5篇文章共20道题变成了4篇文章共15道题+阅读新题型。阅读新题型占到了10分,题型可以参考各省市高考英语阅读新题型。总共分成六种:

    第一种新题型:六选五段落配对:给出五段基本信息,再从A-F六个段落中选出五个与之对应的段落。

    [黄金法则]:

    1. 浏览选项A-F,划出关键信息。

    2. 根据关键信息,通读阅读五个段落,划出与之对应的信息。

    3. 初步确定每个段落对应的入围选项。

    4. 逐个比较每个段落对应的入围选项,最终确定答案。

    以09广东A卷为例:

    阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字母涂黑。

    首先请阅读下列儿童读物的封面及基本信息:

    A. I Heard It from Alice Zucchini: Poems About the Garden

    Juanita Havill

    Illustrated by Chirstine Davenier

    2006, Chronicle Books, $15.95. Ages 4 to 8. Reviewers: Jean Borren, Ph.D.

    B. Busy in the Garden

    George Shannon

    Pictures by Sam Williams

    2006, Greenwillow/ HarperCollins, $15.99 and $16.89.

    Ages 3 - 5. Reviewers: Sheilah Egan.

    C. The Biggest Fish in the Lake

    Margaret Carney

    Illustrated by Janet Wilson

    2001, Kids Can Press, $15.95. Ages 4 to 8. Reviewers: Sue Reichard.

    D. The Little Fish that Got Away

    Bernadine Cook

    Illustrations by Crockett Johnson

    2005(org.1956), Harper Collins, $14.99. Ages 3 to 7. Reviewer: Barbara I Taleroft

    E. A Grand Old Tree

    Mary Newell Depalma

    2006, Arthur A. Levine Books/Scholastic, $16.99. Ages 2 to 5.

    F. Tree of life: the incredible biodiversity of life on earth

    Roebelle Strauss

    Illustrated by Margot Thompson

    2004, Toronto. Kids Can Press, $16.95. Grades 3 - 6

    下面是这些书的简要内容。请把相关的内容与它们的书名匹配起来。

    56. This picture book explores the life of a tree that has deep roots,long arms,and many children. She provides shelter for many animals and bears fruit. The author uses colorful, simple,yet detailed watercolor illustrations to convey her words. The charming pictures show the many aspects in the life of a tree down to the caterpillars that eat the leaves. It is good for pre-school children.

    57. This charming picture book highlights the life of a garden,from planting seeds to harvesting. With the narrator as guide,the reader is led through a variety of free verse and occasionally rhymed poems that fill in the story of a garden and its inhabitants. The pictures, delightful watercolors in bright pastels,add to the whimsical feel of the poems. Young readers will certainly enjoy this fun and fanciful text.

    58. This is a story from 1956 which introduces a little boy who likes to go fishing with a tree limb, a woman,and a pin. Although he never catches anything,on this particular day he finally does hook three big ones,but the little one gets away. The boy pulls them home in his wagon and his mother cooks them for supper. The swinging rhythms of the text and the good humor evident in the illustrations remain fun for the youngest readers.

    59. This useful,attractive,oversize volume uses its height well,employing a tree metaphor to show the earth's various kinds of life and how all living things. from bacteria to the largest mammals,are related. Each spread covers one branch of the animal kingdom. To make the enormity of species understandable, Strauss equates individual species(e. g. ,1 0,000 bacteria)with one leaf on the tree.

    60. This is a story about how a grandfather teaches his eager granddaughter to catch speckled trout from the stream in springtime. After a whole day on the lake,only Grandpa is lucky. The next morning the young fisherman hurries to the dock alone,and soon she hooks the catch of a lifetime. Young readers will appreciate this story that celebrates the special bond between the older and younger generation,while brilliant watercolor illustrations capture the beauty of the natural world

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