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英语阅读理解:改进阅读方式

来源于网络  2018-06-15 16:40 】 【我要纠错

  一、预测

  培养学生依据文章标题(副标题)、插图以及相关的背景知识和社会生活经验,对文章的大致内容预测以及可能涉及到的词汇,然后阅读文章的第一段,并对自己的预测进行验证、纠正,同时抓住主题句、关键词,从而更好地从整体上去理解和把握文章的中心。

  二、略读

  指导学生快速浏览全文,领会文章大意,辨析文体,掌握篇章结构,进而抓住文章的中心。

  三、查读

  指导学生在浏览全文的基础上进行查读,以回答个别事实细节性的问题。有些细节性的问题不能直接在短文中找到答案,必须进行必要的综合、归纳、转换才能获得,也就是要在直接可获得的事实和细节的基础上经过综合、归纳、转换间接地获得所需要的事实和细节。它通常涉及数据、时间、人称、代词的指代、动作的行为的关联、动作行为者与承受者、地点和空间、表态方式、因果、条件、内涵与外延等。

  如:

  One day Mrs Wison went shopping with Tracy and Ben. They went to the supermarket in the new shopping center.

  “Why do you buy things here?” Tracy wanted to know. “Because they are cheaper here than at the corner store near our home,” Mrs. Wilson said. “Help me check the prices, please.”

  The Wilsons were not rich and Mrs. Wilson was always careful with her money. She looked carefully at the prices of things. She bought lots of things in the supermarket. When they got home, the children said, “We don't think you saved money by going to the supermarket.” “Of course I did,” Mrs. Wilson said “Everything was cheaper there.”

  “We know,” the children said, “but we came home by taxi because we had too much to carry. The taxi fare was more than the money that you saved !”

  Mrs Wilson added everything up. Her children were right.

  “Well done,” she said. “Next time we'll do the shopping nearby.”

  ①The things at the corner store were ____ than those in the supermarket.

  A. cheaper B. nicer C. more expensive D. Better

  ② Mrs. Wilson _________ in the end.

  A. spent more money B. paid less money

  C. lost some money D. saved a little money

  这两个问题都是细节性问题,但又不能直接从文章中得出答案,要经过分析和计算间接地获得事实细节。①选C。由 Mrs. Wilson 的话“Because they are cheaper here than at the corner store near our home. ”分析可知the things at the corner store were more expensive.②选A。 Mrs. Wilson 在超级市场买的东西是便宜的,但返回时由于东西多结果打的士回家将打的士的费用摊进去就高于节省的费用了,因此可以知道:Mrs. Wilson spent more money in the end.

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